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Romanticism and things you don’t know!


Romanticism, originating in Germany and quickly spread to England, France, and beyond, then to America around 1820, around 20 years after William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge revolutionized English poetry by exporting Lyrical Ballads (Lyrical Poetry). In America as well as Europe at that time, a fresh and fresh perspective spread like an electric current among artists and intellectuals. There is an important difference, though: American romanticism coincides with an era of national expansion and the discovery of America’s own voice. The consolidation of national identity and the rise of idealism and a passion for romanticism nurtured the masterpieces of the “American Renaissance”.

So do you fully understand this romanticism? Let’s go find out through the following article!

So what is romanticism?

Biélinski in Russian Literature, 1841, defines: “Romanticism, it is the inner world of man, the world of the soul and the heart”. It is possible to look through the main features shown in romantic works to realize that romanticism is the art in which lyrical is outstanding.

The opposite of reality is romance, the opposite of narrative is lyrical. Lyrical is the result of expressing subjective emotions, moods, reflecting people’s dreams and aspirations, so they often rise above reality. These two artistic categories are different, but often go hand in hand. Lyrical is an extension of individualism, which consists in emotional phenomena such as emotions, feelings of love, hope, despair, hatred, affection, sorrow.

Like V. Hugo, romance is liberalism in literature. Because of the demand for freedom, the romantic movement upholds the individual, breaks the ties, the strict rules in art, is free from the pattern. Liberal Pen, diverse rhymes, words are chosen according to the level of inspiration, behave according to a sensitive and passionate heart with an earnest tone, sometimes reaching deep humanity …

The main themes of Romanticism

Of course, it is difficult to capture all of the implications of the works of romanticists. However, in general, we can summarize a few characteristics that make up the attributes and themes of romanticism:

The affirmation and ego sublimation

Romanticism asserts itself with novel themes that classicalism, which often places itself within the framework of reason, does not address. That is a transcendence of emotion, feeling, and imagination. The artists of the romantic generation emphasize the individual role when community norms have just collapsed.

Indeed, after the hopes that the 1789 revolution provoked in the hearts of the people after the years’ Napoleon focused on himself the fire of glory. After decades, France was at the center of history, the forerunner of human adventures, that almost hopelessly bland society was entrusted to the youth of 1815 – 1825. That is the historic turning point of French romanticism.

Romantic sadness

This sadness has its historical situation, which is the profound instability of society due to the developments of the situation between 1789 and 1848. It is in that situation that emotions appear helpless, difficult. change the flow of history, it is the sentiment of the past
harshly fast. Sadness is also caused by social circumstances: young romanticists feel lonely, do not adapt to the situation and live on the sidelines of society, sometimes against society, without any mental and ethical support. Due to social upheavals since 1789, romanticists do not share a personality with the two generations that preceded them.

From the above reasons, they often have uncertain, pessimistic, and hopeless attitudes. It was Goethe who once said, “I call classic wellness, while romance is sick”. In them there is unjustified sadness, resentment; love the flow of tears; hide in self, in dreams, in nature, in loneliness; feeling cursed, determined by fate, satisfied with eternal pain; be mesmerized by creepiness, freakishness, hallucinations; longing for the infinity, the beauty, which means often referring to love, nature, God … They still dream about a faraway place, it is a real or imaginary journey.

Love of nature

For romantic people, nature is the main topic. For many early nineteenth-century poets, nature is the authentic embodiment of God. But for most romanticists, the natural scenery is exposed first and foremost to man: autumn and the sunset have since been images of life in the evening, while the humming wind and reeds know to lament represents the poet’s emotions.

Nature is ultimately a place of rest and retreat. Regarding nature, people forget about the face of society, forget the distractions of the world. So obviously with a romantic soul like Lamartine, one can confess feelings easily to the lake like with a soul mate. That is a sign that these poets like to meditate, return to the inner side, but nature is like a mirror for him to easily illuminate.

In conclusion, an interesting paradox is often seen that when something is forbidden, the more common it becomes. When romanticism was on the offensive list of the French Academy (Académie Française) and the institute issued a decree to condemn romance, the concept of romance was officially used with its connotation. and became widely available in 1824.

The French Academy was founded by Cardinal Richelieu in the 17th century to screen and guide the French language. After the French Revolution, the Academy remained active and had a strong influence on French scholars, especially during the Napoleonic rule, which continued to be sponsored by the French government. The French Academy’s prohibition unintentionally turned the fledgling writers in favor of the Church and saw romanticism as a blow to the power of the church.


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