(Download Ebook) Rational Homotopy Theory 1st Edition By Yves F?©lix, Stephen Halperin, Jean-Claude Thomas (auth.)
as well as by the list of open problems in the final section of this monograph. The computational power of rational homotopy theory is due to the discovery by Quillen  and by Sullivan  of an explicit algebraic formulation. In each case the rational homotopy type of a topological space is the same as the isomorphism class of its algebraic model and the rational homotopy type of a continuous map is the same as the algebraic homotopy class of the correspond ing morphism between models. These models make the rational homology and homotopy of a space transparent. They also (in principle, always, and in prac tice, sometimes) enable the calculation of other homotopy invariants such as the cup product in cohomology, the Whitehead product in homotopy and rational Lusternik-Schnirelmann category. In its initial phase research in rational homotopy theory focused on the identi of these models. These included fication of rational homotopy invariants in terms the homotopy Lie algebra (the translation of the Whitehead product to the homo topy groups of the loop space OX under the isomorphism 11'+1 (X) ~ 1I.(OX», LS category and cone length. Since then, however, work has concentrated on the properties of these in variants, and has uncovered some truly remarkable, and previously unsuspected phenomena. For example • If X is an n-dimensional simply connected finite CW complex, then either its rational homotopy groups vanish in degrees 2': 2n, or else they grow exponentially.