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Hamlet – The greatest play of all time!


William Shakespeare is known as the great writer of England with many works of timeless significance, his plays have conveyed lofty ideas and made a great impact on the world cinema scene. One of them is Hamlet.

Hamlet was composed by William Shakespeare in 1601, the work is considered one of the most famous plays in the history of world theater with lyrical art. Besides, there are also many conflicting opinions about the main character that the writer has worked hard to build. The play exposes the brutality and corruption of the feudal society at that time and conveys the writer’s messages about a bright and good future.

After all, why was William Shakespeare able to create such a classic literary work? And did the Hamlet have any deeper meaning behind it? Let’s find out.

The life and career of author William Shakespeare

Wiliam Shakespeare (1564-1616) was born in Stratford upon Avon in central England. Shakespeare was honored as the typical poet of England, the playwright ahead of its time. Shakespeare was the most representative representative of Renaissance English literature, considered the greatest writer of mankind.

William Shakespeare

From a young age, he was familiar with the people’s language, with stories and folk songs. All of that leaves a deep impression on Shakespeare’s later works. At the age of seven, Shakespeare attended the “Grammar School”. Here, Shakespeare was exposed to popular subjects, learned Greek, Latin and some ancient Greek and Roman works. It helps the author get used to Ovid’s love poems, Plautus plays and British history … At the age of 14, Shakespeare’s family declined rapidly, Shakespeare’s father lost the position of Mayor, Shakespeare had to drop out of school to work as a helper. family. At first, Shakespeare came to help at the slaughterhouse, and later, thanks to a few words Shakespeare turned to teaching, this is the school of life that helps Shakespeare become a man of the people, understand the people, understand society deeply.

At the age of 18, Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway, who was eight years older than Shakespeare. Family activities increasingly difficult because after three years they have three children. At the age of 23 (1585) Shakespeare left Stratford to London with empty hands and a passion for theater. When Shakespeare arrived in London, that’s when British theater was living its hectic days. Shakespeare found there a new world of emotions, the themes and characters and all the techniques of Renaissance theater. More importantly, he found humans watching theater. Mass popularization requires drama to speak their aspirations and aspirations; must expose the bad habits, raise the victory of the humanitarian ideology against the feudal ideology of the church, show people loyal to the people.

Shakespeare went to The Theater (the first theater to be built in England) to hold the horse and check the tickets. Later due to proving the ability, Shakespeare was assigned to act as a footnote and to play supporting roles. This life had a great impact on Shakespeare’s thought and art.

During this time, Shakespeare never stopped learning to improve his knowledge. In addition to French, Italian … Shakespeare also brooded the Chronicle of England, Ireland, and Scotland by Raphael Holinshed (1529-1580) to understand more about the development of England. Learn about the history of ancient Rome and Italy at that time. From 1590, Shakespeare embarked on a writing career. He composed comedy plays, historical plays, tragedy-comedy plays, and tragic plays. Shakespeare’s typical comedies are Twelfth Night, A Midsummer Night’s Dream, The Merchant of Venice… Hamlet is the culmination of Shakespeare’s creative career. In addition, Othello, King Lear, Macbeth… are also rated as his outstanding tragedies.

Shakespeare’s theatrical performance was temporarily interrupted for two years (1592-1594), at that time there was violence and disease in London, so the theaters were closed. Under these circumstances, he wrote two volumes of lyrical poetry, Venus and Adonis, which were warmly welcomed by contemporaries. He is called “the Shakespeare guy with honey tongue” and is ranked as the Roman poet Ovid. It proves that the author has very deeply absorbed the quintessence of the Italian Renaissance. It can be said that from 1594 onwards, during the ten years Shakespeare’s plays have absolutely dominated British theater. It is a time of active writing. In 1599, the Shakespeare troupe built London’s largest “Global” theater.

In 1612 Shakespeare left the theater and returned to Stratford city to live a quiet life until his death (April 23, 1616). In 1623, the entire Shakespeare publication was published as an important landmark for the study of Shakespeare.

Hamlet – The greatest play of all time

The full title is Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark was written by Shakespeare in 1601 and performed in 1602. Shakespeare initially wrote Hamlet in the melodrama form, a form of theater prevailing in England at that time. But then through many performances, he gradually repaired into speech theater. The text was printed into a book in 1623 and is used to this day.


Hamlet had a story base on a Danish story. This story was recorded by Saxo Grammaticus, a Danish monk who lived in the XII century, recorded in the Danish history book. Although the script based on that story, Shakespeare’s ideology and character were completely different from the other two stories. 

The main content of the origin Denmark story was as follows:

Horwendil and Feng are two brothers born in Zealand. Horwendil was talented, defeated the Norwegian king in a duel, and became the king of Denmark. Horvvendil was crowned king after the death of the Danish king. Due to his jealousy, Feng plotted to kill Horwendil, ascend the throne, and marry his sister-in-law. Horwendil’s son Amleth feigned madness to seek escape and revenge. Feng, disbelieving, let someone hidden behind the curtain overhear the conversation between Amleth and the Empress. Amleth discovered and killed the man. Feng sent Amleth to England with a letter demanding that the British king kill Amleth. Amleth exchanged letters, asking the king of England to slash his two entourage and marry the princess to Amleth. A year later, Amleth said goodbye to his wife, returned to kill Feng, and ascended the throne.

Shakespeare transformed the story of revenge into a play that deeply reflected the character of the era; the deadlocked crisis of the human ideal; expressed concerns about the way of life, about the aspirations of the people of that time in a vital way. Hamlet is a work of wonderful combination between poetry and philosophy, between art and thought, between theater and life.

Hamlet was not only the opening work of Shakespeare’s tragic writing, Shakespeare’s deepest social and psychological play, but Hamlet was also seen as the artistic pinnacle of Shakespeare, matters that Hamlet mentioned reflected deeply the spiritual values of the Renaissance. That helped Hamlet to last forever and hold an important position in the theater history of the world.

Shakespeare’s tragedy play is a reflection of the evil realities of society

At the end of Elizabeth’s rule, feudal forces competed for their rights, the bourgeoisie rose but weak, the people’s life was destitute, and was subjected to heavy oppression and exploitation. The feudal forces, Shakespeare painted the picture of society in painful words of resentment but filled with hope and stubborn and indomitable beliefs.

Opening an era of insanity shattered with the conflict between belief and skepticism is the work of Hamlet. The single prince Hamlet must bear a heavy responsibility to find out the cause of his father’s death and his mother’s hasty remarriage. Hamlet was deeply distressed when he had to live in a lonely cynicism of an unusual society that was being hidden. Father died, the misery is not over yet, the mother married without a word of consolation. Get who? Taking his uncle: “The heels of the mourning shoes have not worn off, and have quickly climbed into the wedding bed.

The tragedy Hamlet (1601) has rich philosophical content and has a deep social significance, putting on the shoulders of the Danish prince Hamlet with the great social responsibility of eradicating crime, restoring righteousness but he always timid, weak in action. And it must be settled with a duel. That is the characteristic of the humanist of the contemporary bourgeoisie. The harmonious combination between social reality, philosophical depth, and fascinating art has made the work one of the masterpieces in the world’s literary treasure.

Although coming from the working population, when writing about the play Hamlet, Shakespeare had a thorough insight into the state of British society. It can be seen as a period of social decline and transfer affecting people’s lives. With his creative talent, Shakespeare has reflected the real estate of society at that time in his plays, speaking his concerns about life. That is why Shakespeare always puts his protagonist away from traumatic tragedies to reach the radiant truths of life. These are the noble and beautiful humanistic thoughts that make up the long-term vitality of the career that he leaves.


The Drama 100: A Ranking of the Greatest Plays of All Time (Facts on File World of Literature) [1 ed.]

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