During his reign over the former Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin oversaw the forced resettlement of six million people – a maniacal passion that he used for social engineering. The Soviets were not the first to thrust resettlement on its population – a major characteristic of totalitarian systems – but in terms of sheer numbers, technologies used to deport people and the lawlessness which accompanied it, Stalin’s process was the most notable.Six million people of different social, ethnic, and professions were resettled before Stalin’s death. Even today, the aftermath of such deportations largely predetermines events which take place in the northern Caucasus, Crimea, the Baltic republics, Moldavia, and western Ukraine.Polian’s volume is the first attempt to comprehensively examine the history of forced and semi-voluntary population movements within or organized by the Soviet Union. Contents range from the early 1920s to the rehabilitation of repressed nationalities in the 1990s, dealing with internal (kulaks, ethnic and political deportations) and international forced migrations (German internees and occupied territories).An abundance of facts, figures, tables, maps, and an exhaustively-detailed annex will serve as important sources for further researches.
“To evict and with a crackle!.” this quotation from Stalin is one of the epigraphs to this book. The maniacal passion for forced resettlements of great masses of unpersonalized people as a kind of social engineering is an important characteristic feature of the totalitarian systems. The soviet power was not the first, but it was probably the strongest from the points of view of quantity, lawlessness of the deportees and specific technologies of deportations. Six million persons of very different social, ethnic, confessional arts who were resettled forcibly only within the USSR before Stalins death.
Pavel Polians volume is the first attempt to deal comprehensively with the history of all forced and semi-voluntary population movements within or organized by the Soviet Union. The contents range from the early 1920s to the rehabilitation of the repressed nationalities in the 1990s dealing with both internal (kulak and political deportations, ethnic an compensatory migrations) and international forced migrations (German internees and occupied territories).
Each of the substantive chapters present a precise picture of the geographical origin and destination of each group (of immigrants?). The abundance of facts, figures, tables, maps and exhaustively detailed annex along with descriptions of deportations operations and the relevant normative acts will serve as important sources for further researches.
On the ground of a huge empirical data based on primary and secondary sources the author produced a typology, chronology and an entire system in the field of forced migrations in the USSR as well as its connections with such adjoining fields of repressions and population policies as GULAG and so called planned resettlement. By reconstructing the evolution of deportation operations in the USSR and following its historical trajectories he studies its internal logic and logistic. Current political events which take place in the North Caucasus, Crimea, Baltic republics, Moldavia and Western Ukraine are typically largely predetermined by the surviving legacy of the deportations that once took place.
- Author(s): Pavel M. Polian
- Number of pages: 441 pages
- ISBN-10 : 9639241733
- ISBN-13 : 9789639241732
- Publisher: Central European University Press (October 15, 2003)
- Language: : English